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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 64

of 'Hormone receptors in breast cancer: Clinical utility and guideline recommendations to improve test accuracy'

64
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Immunohistochemical detection using the new rabbit monoclonal antibody SP1 of estrogen receptor in breast cancer is superior to mouse monoclonal antibody 1D5 in predicting survival.
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Cheang MC, Treaba DO, Speers CH, Olivotto IA, Bajdik CD, Chia SK, Goldstein LC, Gelmon KA, Huntsman D, Gilks CB, Nielsen TO, Gown AM
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J Clin Oncol. 2006;24(36):5637. Epub 2006 Nov 20.
 
PURPOSE: Estrogen receptor (ER) expression predicts improved breast cancer-specific survival and reduced risk of recurrence and is targeted in breast cancer therapy. A high-quality antibody to identify ER-positive patients plays an important role in clinical decision making for women with breast cancer. This study evaluates immunohistochemistry using two anti-ER antibodies, a new rabbit monoclonal antibody (SP1) and the mouse monoclonal antibody (1D5), in relation to biochemical ER assay results and clinical data on survival and adjuvant systemic therapy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A population-based tissue microarray series of 4,150 invasive breast cancers was constructed. All patients had staging, pathology, treatment, and follow-up information. The median follow-up was 12.4 years and the median age at diagnosis 60 years. Survival analysis and log-rank tests were used to evaluate the prognostic value of ER status and correlations with clinical data.
RESULTS: Among the 4,105 samples interpretable for both antibodies, SP1 detected ER positivity in 69.5% and 1D5 in 63.1% of cases. Both monoclonal antibodies are demonstrated to be good prognostic indictors for breast cancer-specific and relapse-free survival. In multivariate analysis, including age, tumor size, grade, and lymphovascular and nodal status, SP1 was a better independent prognostic factor than 1D5. Among patients with discrepant ER results, the 8% of patients who were SP1 positive/1D5 negative showed good outcomes, and the 2% SP1-negative/1D5 positive had poor outcomes. Maintaining the same 92% specificity and 98% positive predictive value, SP1 is 8% more sensitive than 1D5 using biochemical assay as gold standard.
CONCLUSION: SP1 represents an improved standard for ER immunohistochemistry assessment in breast cancer.
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Genetic Pathology Evaluation Centre at Vancouver General Hospital, Prostate Centre, and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
PMID