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HIV and women

Judith A Aberg, MD
Michelle S Cespedes, MD, MS
Section Editor
John G Bartlett, MD
Deputy Editor
Howard Libman, MD, FACP


Women represent one of the fastest growing populations infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States. While many of the clinical manifestations of HIV/AIDS in women are similar to men, there remain significant gender-based differences in the disease. These include:

Differences in viral load early in infection

Differences in selected opportunistic infections

Difference in selected ARV-related toxicities and side effects

A number of female-specific complications

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 02, 2016.
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