Medline ® Abstract for Reference 35
of 'High altitude disease: Unique pediatric considerations'
Acute mountain sickness in children at 2835 meters.
Theis MK, Honigman B, Yip R, McBride D, Houston CS, Moore LG
Am J Dis Child. 1993;147(2):143.
OBJECTIVE: Acute mountain sickness has been described in adults but little is known concerning its occurrence in children. Our objective was to determine the incidence of acute mountain sickness in children.
METHODS: A survey questionnaire was completed by 558 children (aged 9 to 14 years) after they ascended from 1600 to 2835 m and from 405 similarly aged children after travel at sea level.
RESULTS: Three or more of the following symptoms in the high-altitude setting were considered as the case definition of acute mountain sickness: headache, loss of appetite, vomiting, fatigue, insomnia, shortness of breath, and dizziness. One hundred fifty-six (28%) of the children at 2835 m developed acute mountain sickness. Three or more symptoms developed in a smaller, but nonetheless considerable, number (86 [21%]) of children at sea level. Headache, shortness of breath, and dizziness were reported more frequently at high altitude than at low altitude, whereas the other symptoms occurred with equal frequency at the two locations.
CONCLUSIONS: More than one fourth of the children visiting high altitude developed acute mountain sickness. A high proportion (21%) of children at sea level developed similar symptoms, suggesting that an appreciable portion of the symptoms present were due to factors other than altitude, such as travel, anxiety, or disruption of daily routine.
Colorado Altitude Research Institute, Keystone.