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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 72

of 'Hereditary pancreatitis'

Therapeutic step-up strategy for management of hereditary pancreatitis in children.
Kargl S, Kienbauer M, Duba HC, Schöfl R, Pumberger W
J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Apr;50(4):511-4. Epub 2014 Jul 28.
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Various different regimes exist for the treatment of hereditary pancreatitis in childhood. Here, we propose a therapeutic pathway with emphasis on endoscopic and surgical procedures.
METHODS: From 2006 to 2013, 12 patients with a diagnosis of hereditary pancreatitis were prospectively included in a therapeutic step-up schema. The treatment outcome was evaluated and correlated to aetiological factors and pathoanatomic findings.
RESULTS: After diagnostic work-up (laboratory data, ultrasound examination, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and genetic testing), all 12 patients underwent early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), which was successfully performed in ten children. Obstructive pancreatitis was found in eight children, and required sphincterotomy, dilation and stenting for 12 months. In two children with unsuccessful ERCP, open surgical drainage procedures were performed. After a mean follow-up of 32 months all children are free of recurrence of pancreatitis without any impairment of everyday activities.
CONCLUSIONS: For children with hereditary pancreatitis, a therapeutic step plan with early ERCP and open surgical drainage procedures in case of impossible or insufficient endoscopic treatment prevents recurring pancreatitis and offers a normal quality of life without any major complications.
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital Linz. Electronic address: simon.kargl@gespag.at.