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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 32

of 'Hereditary pancreatitis'

SPINK1, ADH2, and ALDH2 gene variants and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis in Japan.
Shimosegawa T, Kume K, Masamune A
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008;23 Suppl 1:S82.
The serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) is a potent antiprotease and an important inactivation factor of intrapancreatic trypsin activity. Loss of function by the SPINK1 mutations leads to decreased inhibitory capacity. The significance of SPINK1 mutations in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (CP) in Japan and its functional role remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to clarify the incidence of SPINK1, alcohol dehydrogenase 2 (ADH2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) variants in CP patients in Japan. One hundred and 86 patients with CP, and 527 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Mutational analyses were performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and direct sequencing. Serum pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) level was measured by radioimmunoassay. The frequencies of N34S and IVS3 + 2T>C in the SPINK1 gene were significantly higher in patients with non-alcoholic CP (12.9% and 8.6%, respectively) than in normal subjects (0.37% and 0%). In total, 18 of 93 (19.4%) patients with non-alcoholic CP had at least one SPINK1 mutation. Concerning alcoholic CP, we found IVS3 + 2T>C in a small number of patients (3.9%). Serum PSTI concentration was decreased in patients with the IVS3 + 2T>C mutation. The frequency of the ADH2*2 allele in the alcoholic CP group was significantly higher than that in alcoholics without pancreatitis. The frequency of the ALDH2*2 allele was significantly low in patients with alcoholic CP compared with healthy controls. In conclusion, SPINK1 mutations were associated with non-alcoholic CP. Furthermore, we revealed the amount of wild-type PSTI was decreased in patients with IVS3 + 2T>C mutation. Variants of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes appeared in the relation to alcoholic CP.
Division of Gastroenterology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. tshimosegawa@int3.med.tohoku.ac.jp