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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 22

of 'Hereditary pancreatitis'

Hereditary pancreatitis-associated mutation asn(21) -->ile stabilizes rat trypsinogen in vitro.
Sahin-Tóth M
J Biol Chem. 1999;274(42):29699.
Mutations Arg(117) -->His and Asn(21) -->Ile in human trypsinogen-I have been recently associated with hereditary pancreatitis (HP). The Arg(117) -->His substitution is believed to cause pancreatitis by stabilizing trypsin against autolytic degradation, while the mechanism of action of Asn(21) -->Ile has been unknown. In an effort to understand the effect(s) of this mutation, Thr(21) in the highly homologous rat trypsinogen-II was replaced with Asn or Ile, and the recombinant zymogens and their active trypsin forms were studied. Kinetic parameters of all three trypsins were comparable, and the active enzymes suffered autolysis at similar rates, indicating that neither catalytic properties nor proteolytic stability of trypsin are influenced by mutations at position 21. When incubated at pH 8.0, 37 degrees C, pure zymogens underwent autoactivation with concomitant trypsinolytic degradation in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. Thus, in the presence of 5 mM Ca(2+), autoactivation and digestion of the zymogens after Arg(117) and Lys(188) were observed, while in the presence of 1 mM EDTA autoactivation and cleavage at Lys(188) were reduced, and zymogenolysis at the Arg(117) site was enhanced. Overall rates of zymogen degradation in [Asn(21)]- and [Ile(21)]trypsinogens were higher in Ca(2+) than in EDTA, while [Thr(21)]trypsinogen demonstrated inverse characteristics. Remarkably, both in the presence and absence of Ca(2+), [Ile(21)]trypsinogen exhibited significantly higher stability against autoactivation and proteolysis than zymogens with Asn(21) or Thr(21). The observations suggest that autocatalytic trypsinogen degradation may be an important defense mechanism against excessive trypsin generation in the pancreas, and trypsinogen stabilization by the Asn(21) -->Ile mutation plays a role in the pathogenesis of HP.
Department of Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095-1662, USA. miklos@hhmi.ucla.edu