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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 29

of 'HER2 and predicting response to therapy in breast cancer'

29
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Circulating HER-2/erbB-2/c-neu (HER-2) extracellular domain as a prognostic factor in patients with metastatic breast cancer: Cancer and Leukemia Group B Study 8662.
AU
Hayes DF, Yamauchi H, Broadwater G, Cirrincione CT, Rodrigue SP, Berry DA, Younger J, Panasci LL, Millard F, Duggan DB, Norton L, Henderson IC, Cancer and Leukemia Group B
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Clin Cancer Res. 2001;7(9):2703.
 
PURPOSE: The HER-2/erbB-2/c-neu (HER-2) proto-oncogene is a M(r) 185,000 transmembrane tyrosine kinase that is amplified and/or overexpressed by 20-40% of breast cancers. HER-2 has been associated with worse prognosis and resistance or sensitivity to specific treatment. We evaluated circulating levels of extracellular domain of HER-2 (ECD/HER-2) in metastatic breast cancer patients and investigated the prognostic and predictive significance of circulating HER-2 levels regarding endocrine therapy or chemotherapy.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Plasma samples from 242 patients were assayed for circulating ECD/HER-2 levels, using a sandwich enzyme immunoassay. ECD/HER-2 was correlated with clinical data gathered from these patients while they were participating in prospective Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) therapeutic protocols for metastatic breast cancer.
RESULTS: Eighty-nine (37%) of 242 patients had elevated ECD/HER-2 levels (>or =10.5 ng/ml). ECD/HER-2 was significantly associated with tumor burden, progesterone receptor levels, and presence of visceral metastases. Patients with elevated pretreatment levels had a significantly shorter OS but not time-to-progression than did those with ECD/HER-2 levels<10.5 ng/ml in univariate analysis. In univariate but not multivariate subset analyses, among patients treated with endocrine therapy (megestrol acetate), elevated initial ECD/HER-2 was associated with worse OS compared with nonelevated patients. However, among patients treated with chemotherapy (mainly anthracycline-containing regimens), OS did not differ significantly. Rates of response to either endocrine therapy or chemotherapy were similar for patients with elevated and nonelevated ECD/HER-2 levels.
CONCLUSIONS: ECD/HER-2 levels are elevated in 35-40% of patients with metastatic breast cancer. Elevated ECD/HER-2 levels are associated with a poorer prognosis in these patients. However, no predictive role for ECD/HER-2 was identified, either for endocrine therapy or for anthracycline-based chemotherapy in the metastatic setting.
AD
Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20007, USA. hayesdf@umich.edu
PMID