Medline ® Abstracts for References 2,3
of 'Granulomatous gastritis'
Granulomatous gastritis: a morphological and diagnostic approach.
Ectors NL, Dixon MF, Geboes KJ, Rutgeerts PJ, Desmet VJ, Vantrappen GR
The final diagnosis of granulomatous gastritis is based on morphological findings and clinical and laboratory data. Detailed analysis of the morphological features of the granulomas together with associated mucosal changes could generate more information on aetiology and pathogenesis. Biopsies from 71 patients diagnosed as having granulomatous gastritis were reviewed. Thirty-seven of these patients (52%) had Crohn's disease. In 18 patients (25%) an isolated granulomatous gastritis was diagnosed. In seven patients (10%) the final diagnosis was a foreign body reaction. Of the remaining cases, four (7%) corresponded to tumour-associated granulomas and one case each of sarcoidosis (1%), Whipple's disease (1%) and vasculitis-associated disease (1%). Two cases (3%) were unclassifiable. The granulomas were mainly found in the antrum (64% antrum only, 11% antrum and corpus, 6% transitional mucosa corpus-antrum). Granulomas were usually small. This was particularly true for those found in patients with Crohn's disease. Multiple granulomas were observed in the sarcoidosis, the Whipple's disease and vasculitis-associated cases. A pattern of chronic gastritis with atrophy was present in 95% of the biopsies (68/71 patients). Helicobacter pylori was detected in 92% of the biopsies (64/71 patients).
Department of Pathology II, U.Z. St Rafaël, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.
Granulomatous gastritis: a clinicopathologic analysis of 18 biopsy cases.
Maeng L, Lee A, Choi K, Kang CS, Kim KM
Am J Surg Pathol. 2004;28(7):941.
Granulomas in gastric biopsy specimens are extremely rare, and in Western countries, more than half are associated with Crohn's disease. To evaluate the incidence and their etiology in a gastric carcinoma (and Helicobater pylori infection)-prevalent area, gastric mucosal biopsies were reviewed and their clinicopathologic findings were analyzed. The clinicopathologic diagnoses of the 18 patients with granulomatous gastritis were as follows: chronic gastritis with (n = 14) and without (n = 1) H. pylori infection; gastric adenocarcinomas (n = 2); and Crohn's disease (n = 1). Almost all cases of granulomatous gastritis in this study showed small erosions or ulcers on the endoscopic examinations. H. pylori were found to be one of the most common causes of granulomatous gastritis after excluding all other causes for the granulomas in this study. The granulomas were more frequently found in the antrum, superficially located, and were related to damage within a pit in which the H. pylori were commonly observed. These findings suggest that H. pylori can be causal in the pathogenesis of granulomatous gastritis.
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Bupyung-gu, Inchon, Korea.