Medline ® Abstract for Reference 17
of 'Granulocyte transfusions'
Phase I/II trial of neutrophil transfusions from donors stimulated with G-CSF and dexamethasone for treatment of patients with infections in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Price TH, Bowden RA, Boeckh M, Bux J, Nelson K, Liles WC, Dale DC
We examined the feasibility of a community blood bank granulocyte transfusion program utilizing community donors stimulated with a single-dose regimen of subcutaneous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) plus oral dexamethasone. The recipients of these transfusions were neutropenic stem cell transplantation patients with severe bacterial or fungal infection. Nineteen patients received 165 transfusions (mean 8.6 transfusions/patient, range 1-25). Community donors provided 94% of the transfusions; relatives accounted for only 6% of the transfusions. Sixty percent of the community donors initially contacted agreed to participate, and 98% of these individuals indicated willingness to participate again. Transfusion of 81.9 +/- 2.3 x 10(9) neutrophils (mean +/- SD) resulted in a mean 1-hour posttransfusion neutrophil increment of 2. 6 +/- 2.6 x 10(3)/microL and restored the peripheral neutrophil count to the normal range in 17 of the 19 patients. The buccal neutrophil response, a measure of the capacity of neutrophils to migrate to tissue sites in vivo, was restored to normal in most patients following the transfusion. Chills, fever, and arterial oxygen desaturation of>/= 3% occurred in 7% of the transfusions, but these changes were not sufficient to limit therapy. Infection resolved in8 of 11 patients with invasive bacterial infections or candidemia. These studies indicate that transfusion of neutrophils from donors stimulated with G-CSF plus dexamethasone can restore a severely neutropenic patient's blood neutrophil supply and neutrophil inflammation response. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of this therapy.
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, WA 98105-1256, USA.