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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 62

of 'Gilbert syndrome and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to bilirubin overproduction'

Genetic polymorphisms in uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 and association with breast cancer among African Americans.
Guillemette C, Millikan RC, Newman B, Housman DE
Cancer Res. 2000 Feb;60(4):950-6.
We examined the role of constitutional genetic variation at the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1 locus in breast cancer susceptibility. The UGT1A1 enzyme is a major UGT involved in estradiol glucuronidation. To date, four UGT1A1 variant alleles characterized by a variation in the number of TA from five through eight repeats in the atypical TATA box region have been described in the African-American population. Functional analyses of the transcriptional activity in breast and liver cells revealed that the transcription activation of a reporter gene is inversely correlated with the number of repeats. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis confirmed the expression of UGT1A1 in human liver in the hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2 and provided evidence of the expression of UGT1A1 in breast cancer tissue, where a positive signal was observed in 11 of 12 breast cancer cell lines tested. The population-based case-control study involved 200 women with breast cancer and 200 female controls of African ancestry. We postulated that breast cancer cases might have a higher prevalence of low activity allele-containing genotypes than controls (alleles presenting seven and eight repeats in the A(TA)nTAA motif of the TATA box). The age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for breast cancer comparing women with seven and eight allele-containing genotypes versus 5/5, 5/6, and6/6 genotypes was 1.8 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.0-3.1; P = 0.06]in premenopausal women and 1.0 (95% CI, 0.5-1.7; P = 0.9) in postmenopausal women. The observed 1.8-fold elevated risk in premenopausal women with invasive breast cancer is highly suggestive of a possible interaction between UGT genotype and hormones. Additional analyses suggested a stronger association of UGT1A1 genotype with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer. Among premenopausal women, the association was stronger for ER- breast cancer (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.0-4.2; P = 0.04) than ER+ breast cancer (OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.6-3.0; P = 0.5). The OR was slightly stronger among women who used oral contraceptives, and the association remained null in postmenopausal women, regardless of whether they took hormone replacement therapy. Our current findings suggest that further investigations are warranted to elucidate the role of UGT1A1 in breast cancer risk.
Department of Biology and Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.