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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 19

of 'General principles of neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer'

Identification and Resection of Clipped Node Decreases the False-negative Rate of Sentinel Lymph Node Surgery in Patients Presenting With Node-positive Breast Cancer (T0-T4, N1-N2) Who Receive Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy: Results From ACOSOG Z1071 (Alliance).
Boughey JC, Ballman KV, Le-Petross HT, McCall LM, Mittendorf EA, Ahrendt GM, Wilke LG, Taback B, Feliberti EC, Hunt KK
Ann Surg. 2016;263(4):802.
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1071 trial reported a false-negative rate (FNR) of 12.6% with sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in women presenting with node-positive breast cancer. One proposed method to decrease the FNR is clip placement in the positive node at initial diagnosis with confirmation of clipped node resection at surgery.
METHODS: Z1071 was a multi-institutional trial wherein women with clinical T0-T4,N1-N2,M0 breast cancer underwent SLN surgery and axillary dissection (ALND) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In cases with a clip placed in the node, the clip location at surgery (SLN or ALND) was evaluated.
RESULTS: A clip was placed at initial node biopsy in 203 patients. In the 170 (83.7%) patients with cN1 disease and at least 2 SLNs resected, clip location was confirmed in 141 cases. In 107 (75.9%) patients where the clipped node was within the SLN specimen, the FNR was 6.8% (confidence interval [CI]: 1.9%-16.5%). In 34 (24.1%) cases where the clipped node was in the ALND specimen, the FNR was 19.0% (CI: 5.4%-41.9%). In cases without a clip placed (n = 355) and in those where clipped node location was not confirmed at surgery (n = 29), the FNR was 13.4% and 14.3%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Clip placement at diagnosis of node-positive disease with removal of the clipped node during SLN surgery reduces the FNR of SLN surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Clip placement in the biopsy-proven node at diagnosis and evaluation of resected specimens for the clipped node should be considered when conducting SLN surgery in this setting.
*Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN†Alliance Statistics and Data Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN‡Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Section of Breast Imaging and Section of Abdominal Imaging, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX§Alliance Statistics and Data Center, Duke University, Durham, NC¶Department of Surgical Oncology, Division of Surgery, The University of Texas MD, Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX ||Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Pittsburgh, PA **Section of Surgical Oncology, Division of General Surgery, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI††Department of Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY‡‡Department of Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA.