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Forefoot and midfoot pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Overview of causes

Joseph Chorley, MD
Section Editors
Albert C Hergenroeder, MD
Richard G Bachur, MD
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH


An overview of the causes of forefoot and midfoot pain in active children and skeletally immature adolescents will be reviewed here.

An overview of causes of heel and ankle pain and evaluation of foot pain and injury in children are discussed separately. (See "Heel pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Overview of causes" and "Ankle pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Overview of causes" and "Foot and ankle pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Evaluation".)


The foot can be divided into three functional parts: the hindfoot, midfoot, and forefoot as follows (figure 1) [1]:

Hindfoot – The hindfoot, which consists of the talus and the calcaneus, connects to the midfoot at the midtarsal (Chopart) joint.

Midfoot – The midfoot contains the navicular, the cuboid, and the three cuneiform bones; it connects to the forefoot at the Lisfranc joint.

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Mar 24, 2016.
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