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Foot and ankle pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Evaluation

Joseph Chorley, MD
Section Editors
Albert C Hergenroeder, MD
Richard G Bachur, MD
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH


The diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle injuries in the acute child or young adolescent require knowledge of anatomy, gait, and biomechanics. The evaluation of foot pain in these patients is reviewed here.

Specific pediatric conditions, including fractures of the foot, are presented separately:

(See "Forefoot and midfoot pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Overview of causes".)

(See "Heel pain in the active child or skeletally immature adolescent: Overview of causes".)

(See "Foot fractures (other than metatarsal or phalangeal) in children".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Jan 19, 2016.
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