Medline ® Abstracts for References 136,137
of 'Fluoropyrimidine-associated cardiotoxicity: Incidence, clinical manifestations, mechanisms, and management'
Phase III study of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and levamisole in high-risk stage II and III colon cancer: final report of Intergroup 0089.
Haller DG, Catalano PJ, Macdonald JS, O'Rourke MA, Frontiera MS, Jackson DV, Mayer RJ
J Clin Oncol. 2005;23(34):8671.
PURPOSE: In 1990, fluorouracil (FU) plus levamisole for 1 year became standard adjuvant treatment for patients with high-risk stages II and III colon cancer. Intergroup (INT) 0089 assessed the relative contributions of leucovorin and levamisole in such patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1988 to 1992, 3,794 patients were randomly assigned. Experimental treatment consisted of one of three chemotherapy regimens: the low-dose leucovorin plus FU (Mayo Clinic; LDLV) regimen, the high-dose leucovorin plus FU (Roswell Park; HDLV) regimen, and the low-dose leucovorin plus levamisole plus FU (LDLV plus LEV) regimen, each administered for 30 to 32 weeks. The control arm was levamisole plus FU (LEV) for 1 year.
RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 10 years, of 3,561 eligible patients, 1,691 (47%) have died and 1,330 (37%) have experienced disease recurrence; 137 (10%) of those experiencing recurrence are still alive. A total of 481 patients (13%) died without evidence of recurrence, and 1,723 (48%) are alive and disease free. Although there were toxicity differences among the four arms, none was statistically superior in disease-free or overall survival.
CONCLUSION: The 6- to 8-month regimens of LDLV and HDLV without levamisole used in this trial, rather than the previous standard regimen of 12 months of LEV, have become widely used. INT-0089 has long-term follow-up of the largest clinical trial of patients with high-risk colon cancer, documenting not only the durability of the treatment effects, but also the natural history of patients with high-risk colon cancer, and analyses of treatment based on age, race, and comorbid conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and second primary cancers.
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Oxaliplatin as adjuvant therapy for colon cancer: updated results of NSABP C-07 trial, including survival and subset analyses.
Yothers G, O'Connell MJ, Allegra CJ, Kuebler JP, Colangelo LH, Petrelli NJ, Wolmark N
J Clin Oncol. 2011;29(28):3768. Epub 2011 Aug 22.
PURPOSE: The National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) C-07 trial demonstrated that the addition of oxaliplatin to fluorouracil plus leucovorin (FULV) improved disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage II or III colon cancer. This analysis is the first publication of overall survival (OS) for the NSABP C-07 study. We updated DFS and examined both end points in clinically relevant patient subsets.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Other studies have identified patients age 70 or older and those with stage II disease as patient subsets in which oxaliplatin may not be effective. We investigated toxicity as a driver of divergent outcomes in these subsets.
RESULTS: In all, 2,409 eligible patients with follow-up were randomly assigned to either FULV (FU 500 mg/m(2) by intravenous [IV]bolus weekly for 6 weeks; leucovorin 500 mg/m(2) IV weekly for 6 weeks of each 8-week cycle for three cycles) or FLOX (FULV plus oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) IV on days 1, 15, and 29 of each cycle). With 8 years median follow-up, OS was similar between treatment groups (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.02; P = .08). FLOX remained superior for DFS (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.93; P = .002). The effect of oxaliplatin on OS did not differ by stage of disease (interaction P = .38 for OS; interaction P = 0.37 for DFS) but did vary by age for OS (younger than age 70 v 70+ interaction P = .039). There was a similar trend for DFS (interaction P = .073). Oxaliplatin significantly improved OS in patients younger than age 70 (HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.95; P = .013), but no positive effect was evident in older patients.
CONCLUSION: Overall, the addition of oxaliplatin to FULV has not been proven to extend OS in this trial, but the DFS effect remained strong. Unplanned subset analyses suggest a significant OS effect of oxaliplatin in patients younger than age 70.
NSABP Biostatistical Center, One Sterling Plaza, 201 N Craig St, Ste 350, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. email@example.com