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Fetal extraction at cesarean delivery


As with any surgical procedure, anticipating potential difficulties during cesarean delivery and preventing these difficulties or having a plan for management is always the best practice. Although much has been written about techniques for managing difficult vaginal deliveries, there is a paucity of literature to assist obstetricians with a difficult cesarean delivery. The only information available is from case reports, small case series, and expert opinion.

Difficult fetal extraction occurs in 1 to 2 percent of cesarean deliveries [1]. Causes include:

Impacted fetal head

Floating fetal head

Extremely low birth weight infant


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Literature review current through: Aug 2014. | This topic last updated: Feb 3, 2014.
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