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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 77

of 'Extravasation injury from chemotherapy and other non-antineoplastic vesicants'

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and free radical production: an experimental study in doxorubicin (Adriamycin) extravasation injuries.
Monstrey SJ, Mullick P, Narayanan K, Ramasastry SS
Ann Plast Surg. 1997;38(2):163.
The role of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in free radical-mediated tissue injury is not clear. HBO has been shown to enhance the antioxidative defense mechanisms in some animal studies, but HBO has also been reported to increase the production of oxygen free radicals. To investigate this controversy, we studied the effect of HBO in a doxorubicin (Adriamycin) extravasation model, because the cytotoxic activity of doxorubicin is partly related to its quinone structure, which leads to the formation of cytotoxic oxygen intermediates. Fifty-four Sprague-Dawley rats underwent injection of 0.3 ml doxorubicin solution (2 mg per milliliter) intradermally on both flanks as described by Rudolph and colleagues. Group I (N = 28) received HBO treatment (2 hours at 2 ATA) for 3 days prior to injection and 7 days postinjection. Group II (N = 26) received no HBO treatment. At 2, 3, and 5 weeks, the size of the ulcers and the surrounding area of alopecia in group I (+HBO) were significantly larger than in group II (-HBO): 112.2 mm2 vs. 42.8 mm2 (p<0.01) and 1,132.2 mm2 vs. 364.8 mm2 (p<0.005). Biochemical analysis of the biopsied skin ulcers, to measure the parameters of oxygen free radical production, indicated (similar) low levels of xanthine oxidase for both groups. However, significantly elevated levels of malonyldialdehyde (MDA), indirect evidence of free radical production,was observed in group I (+HBO) in comparison with group II (-HBO): 36.58 vs. 5.84 ng per minute per milligram protein (p<0.001), which might indicate free radical-induced cellular injury. It is concluded that in this animal study the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin is potentiated by HBO therapy. The elevated levels of MDA suggest a direct additive cytotoxic effect by increased membrane lipid peroxidation. HBO therapy, therefore, might be deleterious in the early (preulcer) stage of doxorubicin extravasation.
Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, PA, USA.