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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 20

of 'Extravasation injury from chemotherapy and other non-antineoplastic vesicants'

Severe necrosis due to paclitaxel extravasation.
Herrington JD, Figueroa JA
Pharmacotherapy. 1997;17(1):163.
Paclitaxel is an antineoplastic agent derived from the bark of the Pacific yew tree that has activity against many tumors including breast and ovarian carcinomas. In the past, its extravasation quality has been considered to be a local irritant; however, recent reports suggest that the agent may be a vesicant. A patient experienced a delayed vesicant reaction to a paclitaxel extravasation that resulted in severe necrosis. No acute symptoms were reported at the time of extravasation from the 24-hour peripheral paclitaxel infusion. However, on day 11 the patient complained of severe and progressive pain at the site of extravasation. The site was erythematous and had areas of central necrosis requiring debridement and closure by a plastic surgeon. Because paclitaxel possesses vesicant characteristics, health care professionals should be aware of its potential extravasation hazard. Prolonged peripheral infusions should be avoided or administered with extreme caution.
Department of Pharmacy, Scott&White Clinic, Temple, Texas, USA.