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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 51

of 'Evaluation of the infant with atypical genitalia (disorder of sex development)'

51
TI
Syndromic true hermaphroditism due to an R-spondin1 (RSPO1) homozygous mutation.
AU
Tomaselli S, Megiorni F, De Bernardo C, Felici A, Marrocco G, Maggiulli G, Grammatico B, Remotti D, Saccucci P, Valentini F, Mazzilli MC, Majore S, Grammatico P
SO
Hum Mutat. 2008;29(2):220.
 
XX true hermaphroditism, also know as ovotesticular disorder of sexual development (DSD), is a disorder of gonadal development characterized by the presence of both ovarian and testicular tissue in a 46,XX individual. The genetic basis for XX true hermaphroditism and sex reversal syndromes unrelated to SRY translocation is still mostly unclear. We report mutational analysis of the RSPO1 gene in a 46,XX woman with true hermaphroditism, palmoplantar keratoderma, congenital bilateral corneal opacities, onychodystrophy, and hearing impairment. R-spondin1 is a member of the R-spondin protein family and its pivotal role in sex determination has been recently described. We identified a homozygous splice-donor-site mutation in the RSPO1 gene in our patient. We found that the c.286+1G>A mutation led to an aberrantly spliced mRNA (r.95_286del), which is presumably translated into a partially functional protein (p.Ile32_Ile95del). Our case demonstrates for the first time, to our knowledge, that XX true hermaphroditism can be caused by a single gene mutation. The reported findings represent a further step toward a complete understanding of the complex mechanisms leading to DSDs.
AD
Medical Genetics, Experimental Medicine Department, Sapienza-University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
PMID