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Contributor disclosures

Shalini Paruthi, MD

Nothing to disclose

Ronald D Chervin, MD, MS

Consultant/Advisory Boards: Zansors [Sleep disorders (Sleep education programs, electronic apps, sleep monitoring devices in development); consultant, not paid]. Patent Holder: University of Michigan [Sleep disorders (Patents and copyrighted material for assessment and treatment of patients with sleep disorders, including electronic rights for one questionnaire licensed by the University of Michigan to Zansors)]. Other Financial Interests: American Academy of Sleep Medicine [Sleep disorders (Standards, conferences, services to support physicians and patients)]; International Pediatric Sleep Association [Sleep disorders (Standards, conferences, services to support physicians and patients)].

Alison G Hoppin, MD

Nothing to disclose

Conflict of interest policy

UpToDate's policies and editorial process are designed to ensure that our content remains impartial and unbiased. To accomplish this, we collect information on relevant financial relationships with commercial interests from contributors as well as their spouses or partners. Contributors to a topic include one or more authors, section editors, and deputy editors. Peer review is also part of our editorial process. Individuals who do not provide this information may not participate in the editorial process and are replaced. Disclosures of relevant financial relationships from contributors and their spouses or partners are displayed via a link at the top of each topic.

Deputy editors are physicians who work primarily at UpToDate. The deputy editor cannot have any financial relationships relevant to the topics they edit. In addition, deputy editors may not accept funds from "educational" arms of health industry organizations (such as speakers' bureaus).

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Contributor disclosures are collected annually and reviewed for relevant conflicts of interest by the editorial group. When found, the deputy editor on the associated topic(s) works to ensure that any possible contributor conflicts are appropriately evaluated and mitigated. These methods are part of our normal editorial process as discussed above.

This policy last reviewed on April 17, 2017.