Medline ® Abstract for Reference 74
of 'Evaluation of suspected obstructive sleep apnea in children'
Accuracy of clinical evaluation in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea.
Wang RC, Elkins TP, Keech D, Wauquier A, Hubbard D
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998;118(1):69.
Eighty-two children underwent polysomnography (PSG) for symptoms suggestive of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Symptoms reported included snoring, witnessed apneic episodes, daytime somnolence, mouth breathing, and enuresis. Tonsillar size, nasal airway patency, and percentile weight were recorded. OSA was diagnosed on PSG when obstructive events were noted and apnea + hypopnea index was five or more per hour. The overall predictive accuracy of clinical suspicion of OSA was 25 (30%) of 82. Predictive accuracies (as a percentage of those with symptoms/signs who have OSA) and prevalences (as a percentage of those with OSA who have the symptom/sign), respectively, were for moderate snoring 29% (12 of 41), 48%; loud snoring 31% (11 of 35), 44%; witnessed apneas 32% (22 of 69), 88%; enuresis 46% (11 of 24), 44%; 2+ tonsillar size 37% (21 of 57), 84%; 3+ tonsillar size 33% (3 of 9), 12%; 90th percentile weight or greater 26% (7 of 27), 28%; 10th percentile weight or less 33% (5 of 15), 20%. Multiple regression analysis did not reveal a significant association between clinical parameters and the presence of OSA as defined by PSG.
Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA.