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Evaluation and management of strabismus in children

Authors
David K Coats, MD
Evelyn A Paysse, MD
Section Editor
Richard A Saunders, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH

INTRODUCTION

Strabismus is the condition of misalignment of the eyes. Strabismus can be horizontal, vertical, or torsional.

The evaluation and management of strabismus in children will be reviewed here. The causes of strabismus are discussed separately. (See "Causes of horizontal strabismus in children" and "Causes of vertical strabismus in children".)

TERMINOLOGY

The terms used to describe strabismus depend upon the direction of eye deviation, the conditions under which it is present, and whether it changes with the position of gaze.

The prefix of the term describes the direction of eye deviation (figure 1):

"Eso" − The prefix "eso" describes deviation nasally (inward) relative to the fixating eye.

                    

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Literature review current through: Jun 2015. | This topic last updated: Apr 24, 2015.
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