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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 8

of 'Evaluation and diagnosis of bladder dysfunction in children'

Is There Any Difference Between Questionnaires on Pediatric Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction?
Altan M,Çitamak B, Bozaci AC, Mammadov E, Doğan HS, Tekgül S
Urology. 2017;103:204. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic properties of 3 different scoring systems (Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score [DVSS], Dysfunctional Voiding and Incontinence Symptoms Score [DVISS], Incontinence Symptom Index-Pediatric [ISI-P, for children older than 11 years]) that are used to evaluate lower urinary tract symptoms in pediatric population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four participants were evaluated by detailed history, physical examination, 3 different scoring systems (DVSS, DVISS, ISI-P), ultrasonography, and uroflowmetry. Depending on the tests, cases were stratified as healthy or lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) by 2 urologists who were blinded to the questionnaires. Patients were reevaluated by the same tests and questionnaires 3 months after treatment. Diagnostic properties of questionnaires were calculated. Additionally, parents were asked to scale the improvement of symptoms subjectively from 0% to 100% to correlate to each of the three scoring systems.
RESULTS: The mean ages of the normal and the LUTS groups were 9.1 ± 2.6 years and 10.1 ± 2.8 years, respectively (P = .301). Gender (male:female) distribution was 21:21 in the LUTS group and 25:17 in the control group (P = .381). In terms of diagnosis, DVISS has the highest accuracy (sensitivity: 81%, specificity: 97.6%, accuracy: 89%) followed by ISI-P (sensitivity: 55.6%, specificity: 100%, accuracy: 82%) and DVSS (sensitivity: 54.8%, specificity: 97.6%, accuracy: 76%). The similar order was valid for the 23 patients older than 11 years (accuracy for DVISS: 87%, for ISI-P: 82%, and for DVSS: 78%). In terms of response to treatment, all 3 tests showed good correlation with parents' ratings (DVSS: P < .001, DVISS: P = .005, ISI-P: P = .042).
CONCLUSION: Although DVISS had the highest accuracy in distinguishing the patients from healthy controls, all 3 questionnaires seem to be equivalent for the evaluation of response to treatment.
Department of Urology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, HacettepeÜniversitesi Hastaneleri, Erişkin Hastanesi, B KatıÜroloji Anabilim Dalı, Sıhhıye, Ankara, Turkey.