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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 16

of 'Evaluation and diagnosis of bladder dysfunction in children'

Bladder and bowel dysfunction: evidence for multidisciplinary care.
Wolfe-Christensen C, Manolis A, Guy WC, Kovacevic N, Zoubi N, El-Baba M, Kovacevic LG, Lakshmanan Y
J Urol. 2013 Nov;190(5):1864-8. Epub 2013 May 10.
PURPOSE: We examined the symptoms of bladder-bowel dysfunction (ie severity of voiding dysfunction and stool consistency) and psychosocial difficulties in children presenting to the pediatric urology clinic for voiding dysfunction and to the pediatric gastroenterology clinic for functional constipation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of children seen at the gastroenterology clinic were recruited during the outpatient clinic appointment, and parents of children seen at the urology clinic were randomly selected from the research database and matched to the gastroenterology sample based on age and gender of the child. All parents completed the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System, Bristol Stool Form Scale, Pediatric Symptom Checklist and Parenting Stress Index™-Short Form, which assessed severity of voiding dysfunction, stool consistency, level of psychosocial difficulties and level of parenting stress, respectively.
RESULTS: Children seen at the urology and gastroenterology clinics did not differ significantly on any of the measures, indicating thatthe severity of their bladder-bowel dysfunction is similar. However, they had significantly more severe voiding dysfunction, more constipated stool and more psychosocial difficulties than historical healthy controls. Additionally, level of parenting stress was significantly correlated with patient level of psychosocial difficulties and severity of voiding dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with bladder and bowel dysfunction represent a homogeneous group that would potentially benefit from a multidisciplinary treatment approach involving urology, gastroenterology and psychology professionals.
Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan. Electronic address: cbwolfe@dmc.org.