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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 14

of 'Evaluation and diagnosis of bladder dysfunction in children'

Psychosocial difficulties in children referred to pediatric urology: a closer look.
Wolfe-Christensen C, Veenstra AL, Kovacevic L, Elder JS, Lakshmanan Y
Urology. 2012 Oct;80(4):907-12.
OBJECTIVE: To assess rates of psychosocial difficulties in children seen in a pediatric urology clinic to determine whether all patients should be screened for psychosocial problems, and to use standardized measures to determine whether the severity of voiding dysfunction and/or enuresis in children is related to their degree of psychosocial difficulties.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to collect the Pediatric Symptom Checklist from all children referred to an outpatient urology clinic over a 6-month period. In addition, scores from the child's Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System were collected for patients referred for voiding dysfunction and/or enuresis.
RESULTS: Caregivers of 600 children completed the Pediatric Symptom Checklist as part of their child's outpatient clinic paperwork. Overall, 15.2% of the patients met the clinical cut-off for significant psychosocial difficulties. However, children with voiding dysfunction and/or enuresis were at increased risk for these problems, with the severity of their psychosocial difficulties being related to the severity of their urologic condition.
CONCLUSION: It is unnecessary to screen all pediatric urology patients, although those referred for voiding dysfunction and/or enuresis should be screened for psychosocial difficulties. Children at greatest risk for psychosocial problems were those who were male, had a high body mass index, had nocturnal enuresis, had an elevated Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System score, and/or reported frequent episodes of wetting or soaking their underwear when they wet. Importantly, children appear to be most concerned with "wetness."
Department of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. cbwolfe@dmc.org