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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 69

of 'Etiology and clinical features of bladder dysfunction in children'

Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity among paediatric outpatients.
Bhatia MS, Nigam VR, Bohra N, Malik SC
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1991;32(2):297.
Out of 1,000 children (aged 3-12 years) screened in a paediatric outpatient department over a 3 1/2-year period, 112 were found to have attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADDH). The prevalence of ADDH increased with age, from 5.2% in those aged 3-4 years, up to 29.2% in those aged 11-12 years. There were four times as many boys as girls with ADDH. ADDH was most common in first born children and those from a lower social class. Children with ADDH had a higher rate of complications during pregnancy and delivery relative to a comparison group. Delayed development, temper-tantrums, enuresis, tics, broken homes, persistent parental discord and psychiatric illness in parents were all more common in children with ADDH than in the comparison group.
Department of Psychiatry, University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India.