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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 28

of 'Etiology and clinical features of bladder dysfunction in children'

Micturition habits and incontinence in 7-year-old Swedish school entrants.
Hellström AL, Hanson E, Hansson S, Hjälmås K, Jodal U
Eur J Pediatr. 1990;149(6):434.
The prevalence of incontinence in children has been extensively studied, but knowledge of other bladder symptoms is lacking in a healthy child population. The micturition habits of 3556 7-year-old school entrants were surveyed by a questionnaire supplemented by telephone interviews. One or more symptoms of a disturbed bladder function was reported in 26%, but most of these had moderate urgency as a sign of incomplete voluntary bladder control. Isolated bedwetting occurred in 2.8% of the girls and 7.0% of the boys, whereas nocturnal incontinence combined with daytime wetting was equally common in both sexes, 2.3% and 2.0% respectively. Diurnal incontinence was reported in 6.0% of the girls and 3.8% of the boys and was usually combined with other symptoms. The frequency of micturition in children without symptoms of bladder disturbance and with no previous urinary tract infection was 3-7 times per day.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, East Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.