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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 30

of 'Erythrocytosis following renal transplantation'

Erythroid progenitor growth in erythrocytosic transplanted patients.
Lamperi S, Carozzi S
Artif Organs. 1985;9(2):200.
In 55 patients who underwent renal transplantation, erythrocytosis (E) was observed in 6. In all patients, the growth of erythroid progenitors [burst-forming unit erythroid (BFU-e)], using mononuclear blood cells, was evaluated in in vitro cultures. The results showed a significant increase of serum erythropoietin (s-Ep) in erythrocytosis and in nonerythrocytosis patients with a subsequent decrease when hematocrit (Hct) and hemoglobin (Hb) reached high levels, showing a recovery of a feedback control system. Notwithstanding the diminution of s-Ep, six patients demonstrated further progressive rise of the Hct and Hb to a final state of E. The in vitro BFU-e cultures from these patients showed a noticeable sensitivity to progressively reduced doses of Ep and also the capacity to develop a few colonies when the medium was Ep-free. These results were not verified using peripheral blood depleted of monocyte and/or T lymphocyte cells. Therefore, in transplanted patients with erythrocytosis, it is possible that particular cellular interactions stimulate an early hyperproliferation of BFU-e with a greater Ep sensitivity and at least partly the capacity to grow also in the absence of Ep.