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Epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents

Lori Laffel, MD, MPH
Britta Svoren, MD
Section Editor
Joseph I Wolfsdorf, MB, BCh
Deputy Editor
Alison G Hoppin, MD


Since the early 1990s, the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased in children and adolescents and is linked to the rise in childhood obesity. T2DM and its comorbidities are risk factors for vascular disease later in life. As a result, it is imperative for health care providers to identify and treat children and adolescents with this disorder. (See "Definition; epidemiology; and etiology of obesity in children and adolescents".)

The epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of T2DM in children and adolescents are presented here. Other aspects of T2DM in youth are discussed in separate topic reviews:

(See "Pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus".)

(See "Management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents".)

(See "Comorbidities and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents".)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Jun 29, 2016.
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