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Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical features of HIV-associated neuropathies

Rachel A Nardin, MD
Roy Freeman, MD
Section Editor
John G Bartlett, MD
Deputy Editor
Allyson Bloom, MD


There are a number of distinctive neuropathic syndromes, which can be classified according to the timing of their appearance during HIV infection, their etiology, and whether they are primarily axonal or demyelinating [1-7]. These include:

Distal symmetric polyneuropathy

Mononeuropathy multiplex

Acquired inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

Cauda equina syndrome (or lumbosacral polyradiculopathy)


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Nov 16, 2015.
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