Epidemiology of pediatric HIV infection
- Susan L Gillespie, MD, PhD
Susan L Gillespie, MD, PhD
- Associate Professor of Pediatrics
- Baylor College of Medicine
Considerable progress has been made towards eliminating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among children; however, the global burden of pediatric HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains a challenge for healthcare workers around the world, particularly in developing countries.
The epidemiology of HIV infection in children will be discussed here. The case definition, clinical manifestations, and outcomes of pediatric HIV, prophylactic treatment of infants born to HIV-infected mothers, diagnostic testing for HIV in young children, the approach to febrile HIV-infected infants and children, and issues related to HIV infection in adolescents are discussed separately:
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- GLOBAL HIV/AIDS STATISTICS
- Developed countries
- Developing countries
- RISK FACTORS FOR HIV ACQUISITION
- Exposure through sexual contact
- Exposure through blood or blood products
- Exposure through injection drug use
- Exposure through pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding
- PROGRESS IN PROVIDING PEDIATRIC TREATMENT