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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 88

of 'Epidemiology, classification, clinical presentation, prognostic features, and diagnostic work-up of gastrointestinal mesenchymal neoplasms including GIST'

Prognostic significance of c-kit mutation in localized gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
Kim TW, Lee H, Kang YK, Choe MS, Ryu MH, Chang HM, Kim JS, Yook JH, Kim BS, Lee JS
Clin Cancer Res. 2004;10(9):3076.
PURPOSE: Constitutive mutational activation of c-kit has been found to be associated with the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). The prognostic significance of c-kit mutations, however, is still controversial.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We examined 86 patients curatively resected for localized GIST. Genomic DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tumor tissues. Exons 9, 11, 13, and 17 of the c-kit gene were amplified by PCR and sequenced.
RESULTS: Mutations in exon 11 were detected in 61 tumors, and mutations in exon 9 were observed in three tumors, whereas no mutations were detected in exons 13 or 17. The overall c-kit mutation frequency was 74%. Amino acid alterations in the 61 tumors with exon 11 mutations were deletion in 33 tumors, substitution in 20, both deletion and substitution in 4, insertion in 1, and duplication in 3. Histologically, tumors with c-kit mutations showed higher mitotic counts and higher cellularity. The 5-year relapse-free survival (RFS) in patients having GISTs with c-kit mutations was 21%, compared with 60% in those without c-kit mutations. Significantly higher RFS rates were observed in patients with tumors having mitotic counts<5 mitoses/50 high power field, spindle-cell histology, tumor size<5 cm, or gastric GISTs. Multivariate analyses indicated association of poorer RFS with a higher mitotic count>or = 5 of 50 high power fields; odds ratio (OR) = 3.0], presence of c-kit mutations (OR = 5.6), and a larger tumor size (>or = 5 cm; OR = 4.2).
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of c-kit mutation, along with high mitotic count and larger tumor size, was an independent factor for poor prognosis in patients with localized GISTs.
Section of Oncology/Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.