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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 69

of 'Epidemiology, classification, clinical presentation, prognostic features, and diagnostic work-up of gastrointestinal mesenchymal neoplasms including GIST'

Gastrointestinal leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma: CT differentiation.
Chun HJ, Byun JY, Chun KA, Rha SE, Jung SE, Lee JM, Shinn KS
J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1998;22(1):69.
PURPOSE: Our goal was to evaluate CT efficacy in differentiating gastrointestinal leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma.
METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed CT scans of 45 patients (21 men, 24 women, mean age 55 years) with surgically proven gastrointestinal leiomyomas (n = 21) and leiomyosarcomas (n = 24) with respect to size, contour, enhancing pattern, mesenteric fat infiltration, calcification, ulceration, regional lymphadenopathy, direct invasion, distant metastasis, and growth pattern after visual inspection by two radiologists in agreement. On the basis of these CT features, subjective diagnosis was also categorized into three groups (Group I: probably benign, Group II: probably malignant, Group III: diagnostic malignant). The results were compared with the final histopathologic diagnosis.
RESULTS: In addition to the features of direct invasion and distant metastasis suggesting diagnostic malignancy, the CT features favoring malignancy with statistical significance included larger size (>5 cm), lobulated contour, heterogeneous enhancement, mesenteric fat infiltration, ulceration, regional lymphadenopathy, and exophytic growth pattern (p<0.005). However, calcification was not significant in differentiating the two entities (p = 0.25163). A subjective analysis revealed 89% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and 87% accuracy for diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma.
CONCLUSION: CT features are useful in differentiating leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma in gastrointestinal tract.
Department of Radiology, Catholic University Medical College, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.