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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36

of 'Epidemiology and pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis in adults'

Evidence against a role for endotoxin in the hyperdynamic circulation of rats with prehepatic portal hypertension.
Chu CJ, Lee FY, Wang SS, Chang FY, Lin HC, Lu RH, Wu SL, Chan CC, Tai CC, Lai IN, Lee SD
J Hepatol. 1999;30(6):1105.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Excessive formation of nitric oxide may mediate the generalized vasorelaxation and hyporesponsiveness to vasoconstrictors observed in portal hypertensive states. Endotoxin, released from the bowel and detoxified by the liver, could stimulate inducible nitric oxide synthase directly or indirectly via the cytokine cascade. This study investigated the effect of chronic intraperitoneal injection of polymyxin B, a neutralizing antagonist of endotoxin, on the hemodynamics of partially portal vein-ligated (PVL) rats.
METHODS: Concomitantly with endotoxin (600 EU) and dactinomycin (80 microg), polymyxin B (0.1 mg) or normal saline (N/S) was administered via an intraperitoneal route to male Sprague-Dawley rats. Twenty-four hours later, mean arterial pressure was determined. In PVL rats polymyxin B (0.1 mg in 5 cc N/S) or N/S was given intraperitoneally twice daily from 2 days prior to operation until 5 days (short-term) or 14 days (long-term) after the operation. Long-term polymyxin B- or N/S-treated sham-operated rats were included as controls. Hemodynamic studies with a thermodilution technique were performed at the end of treatment. Blood samples were collectedfrom another series of PVL rats with long-term treatment to determine plasma levels of endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Plasma levels of endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were measured by Limulus assay and the ELISA method, respectively.
RESULTS: With the dosage of 0.1 mg polymyxin B, hypotension in rats subjected to endotoxin and dactinomycin administration could be corrected (polymyxin B vs. placebo: 130.0+/-7.7 vs. 108.8+/-6.7 mm Hg, p<0.05). However, long-term or short-term treatment with the same dosage of polymyxin B failed to ameliorate the hyperdynamic circulation of PVL rats. In addition, long-term treatment with polymyxin B did not change systemic and portal hemodynamics in sham-operated rats. Plasma levels of endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were comparable in PVL rats treated with long-term polymyxin B or N/S (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support the role of endotoxin in the hyperdynamic circulation of PVL rats.
Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei and National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taiwan, Republic of China.