Medline ® Abstract for Reference 42
of 'Epidemiology and etiology of osteoporosis in men'
Differential effects of androgens and estrogens on bone turnover in normal men.
Leder BZ, LeBlanc KM, Schoenfeld DA, Eastell R, Finkelstein JS
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;88(1):204.
The physiologic role of androgens and estrogens in the maintenance of normal bone turnover in men is a fundamental issue in bone biology. To address this question, we randomized 70 men between the ages of 20 and 44 yr to receive one of three treatment regimens. Group 1 (n = 25) received a GnRH analog (goserelin acetate 3.6 mg by sc injection every 4 wk) alone for 12 wk to suppress endogenous gonadal steroids to prepubertal levels. Group 2 (n = 22) received goserelin plus transdermal testosterone (Androderm 5 mg topically daily) to normalize circulating testosterone and estradiol levels. Group 3 (n = 23) received goserelin plus testosterone plus an aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole 1 mg orally daily) to induce selective estrogen deficiency. The selective effects of androgens and estrogens on skeletal homeostasis were then assessed by measuring changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover and analyzing the between-group differences. Bone resorption markers increased in both the hypogonadal group (group 1) and in the group with selective estrogen deficiency (group 3). Urinary deoxypyridinoline excretion increased more in group 1 than in group 3 (P = 0.023), suggesting a significant effect of androgens on bone resorption, whereas serum N-telopeptide levels increased more in group 3 than in group 2 (P = 0.037), suggesting a significant effect of estrogen on boneresorption. Bone formation markers initially declined in all groups and then increased in groups 1 and 3. The between-group comparisons were consistent for all formation markers. Bone formation markers increased more in group 1 than in group 2 (P = 0.001, 0.037, 0.005 for osteocalcin, carboxy-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, and amino-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, respectively). Bone formation markers also increased more in group 1 than in group 3 but these differences were not statistically significant (P = 0.065 0.073, 0.099 for osteocalcin, carboxy-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, and amino-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, respectively). Taken together, these data suggest that both androgens and estrogens play independent and fundamental roles in regulating bone resorption in men. These data also suggest that androgens may play an important role in the regulation of bone formation in men.
Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org