Medline ® Abstract for Reference 33
of 'Endoscopic ultrasound-guided trucut biopsy'
Acute extraluminal hemorrhage associated with EUS-guided fine needle aspiration: frequency and clinical significance.
Affi A, Vazquez-Sequeiros E, Norton ID, Clain JE, Wiersema MJ
Gastrointest Endosc. 2001;53(2):221.
BACKGROUND: Complications with EUS-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (EUS-guided FNA) are rare and include perforation, infection, pancreatitis, and intraluminal bleeding. To date, the ultrasound appearance and clinical significance of perilesional bleeding during EUS-guided FNA have not been described. The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of acute extraluminal hemorrhage associated with EUS-guided FNA.
METHODS: From September 1998 to October 1999 EUS-guided FNA was performed during 227 of 1104 EUS procedures. Patient follow-up and complications were recorded and retrospectively analyzed.
OBSERVATIONS: Three patients were identified with acute extraluminal hemorrhage at the site of the aspiration during EUS (frequency 1.3%: 95% CI [0%, 2.8%]). The bleeding manifested as an expanding echopoor region adjacent to the sampled lesion. No clinically recognizable sequela arose from the bleeding. All patients were treated with a short course of antibiotics and outpatient observation. Preprocedure coagulation and platelet assessment did not predict which patients were at risk for this complication.
CONCLUSION: Acute extraluminal hemorrhage occurring during EUS-guided FNA is a rare complication with a characteristic ultrasound appearance. Recognition of this event might be important to allow the endoscopist to terminate the procedure and thereby minimize the potential for more serious bleeding.
Developmental Endoscopy Unit, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.