Medline ® Abstracts for References 1,2
of 'Endoscopic ultrasound-guided celiac plexus and ganglia interventions'
Pain treatment in cancer of the pancreas.
Ventafridda GV, Caraceni AT, Sbanotto AM, Barletta L, De Conno F
Eur J Surg Oncol. 1990;16(1):1.
Pancreatic cancer remains an important cause of suffering among oncologic patients. Due to the current poor response to specific therapies, a palliative approach represents the main treatment for this kind of tumour. The authors present the results of a prospective study performed on 41 patients treated according to the World Health Organization guidelines for cancer pain relief; 21 of them were treated by neurolytic coeliac blockade as well. Results, even if not comparable between the two groups, show that this neurolytic technique can play an important role in palliative treatment, on condition that it is part of a multimodal continuing care system.
Pain Therapy and Palliative Care Division, National Cancer Institute, Milano, Italy.
Natural course of chronic pancreatitis.
Although the three leading symptoms of chronic pancreatitis, pain, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency, are well known, only a few long-term studies have correlated these symptoms with the natural course of the disease. Besides these symptoms, numerous pancreatic complications and/or pancreatitis-associated diseases may affect the course and determine the prognosis of chronic pancreatitis. Their influence, however, has not been studied in detail. This review has two major aims: The first one is to give an up-to-date survey of present knowledge on the natural course of the disease with a view to the leading symptoms under special consideration of how the duration of the disease, continual alcohol abuse as well as endoscopic procedures and surgical treatment affect pain. Included is also what is known about chronic pancreatitis as a precondition of pancreatic and extrapancreatic carcinoma. The effect of chronic pancreatitis on the socio-economic status of patients is discussed and the mortality rate of the disease. The second aim of this review is to stimulate pancreatologists from different centers to consolidate resources in order to perform larger controlled studies than any one single center can undertake and work out common criteria for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and follow-up of its course.
Department of Internal Medicine, Municipal Clinic of Lüneburg, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org