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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 36

of 'Endoscopic methods for the diagnosis of pancreatobiliary neoplasms'

Comparison between endoscopic brush cytology performed before and after biliary stricture dilation for cancer detection.
Ornellas LC, Santos Gda C, Nakao FS, Ferrari AP
Arq Gastroenterol. 2006;43(1):20. Epub 2006 May 8.
BACKGROUND: Confirmation of malignancy within biliary strictures is endoscopically challenging. Dilation of strictures has been reported to enhance cytological diagnosis.
AIM: To compare brush cytology results before and after biliary stricture dilation.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with extra-hepatic biliary stricture at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were included in the study. Brushing was performed before and immediately after dilation using a 10 Fr dilating catheter. Cytology samples were classified as: negative for malignancy, presence of atypical cells, insufficient material, suspicious for malignancy or positive for malignancy. Final diagnosis was established by surgery, biopsy or follow-up.
RESULTS: Biliary brush cytology was performed in 50 patients, with an overall sensitivity of 40% and 27.5%, before and after dilation, respectively. The combination of results increased cancer detection rate to 45%. Therewere 5/50 (10%) minor complications and one death related to the procedure.
CONCLUSIONS: Brush cytology performed before biliary stricture dilation has a similar cancer detection rate to that following dilation, although the combination of results enhances sensitivity.
Department of Gastroenterology, Federal University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil. lauraornellas@hotmail.com