Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 61

of 'Emergency ultrasound in adults with abdominal and thoracic trauma'

The role of ultrasound in patients with possible penetrating cardiac wounds: a prospective multicenter study.
Rozycki GS, Feliciano DV, Ochsner MG, Knudson MM, Hoyt DB, Davis F, Hammerman D, Figueredo V, Harviel JD, Han DC, Schmidt JA
J Trauma. 1999;46(4):543.
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is quickly becoming part of the trauma surgeon's practice, but its role in the patient with a penetrating truncal injury is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of emergency ultrasound as it was introduced into five Level I trauma centers for the diagnosis of acute hemopericardium.
METHODS: Surgeons or cardiologists (four centers) and technicians (one center) performed pericardial ultrasound examinations on patients with penetrating truncal wounds. By protocol, patients with positive examinations underwent immediate operation. Vital signs, base deficit, time from examination to operation, operative findings, treatment, and outcome were recorded.
RESULTS: Pericardial ultrasound examinations were performed in 261 patients. There were 225 (86.2%) true-negative, 29 (11.1%) true-positive, 0 false-negative, and 7 (2.7%) false-positive examinations, resulting in sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 96.9%, and accuracy of 97.3%. The mean time from ultrasound to operation was 12.1+/-5 minutes.
CONCLUSION: Ultrasound should be the initial modality for the evaluation of patients with penetrating precordial wounds because it is accurate and rapid.
Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA.