Medline ® Abstract for Reference 53
of 'Effect of antidepressants on suicide risk in children and adolescents'
National antidepressant prescribing in children and adolescents with mental health disorders after an FDA boxed warning.
Mittal M, Harrison DL, Miller MJ, Brahm NC
Res Social Adm Pharm. 2014 Sep-Oct;10(5):781-90. Epub 2013 Nov 20.
BACKGROUND: In October 2004, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a boxed warning about an increased risk of suicidality (i.e., suicidal ideation, behavior, or attempts) related to all antidepressants in children and adolescents.
OBJECTIVE: To describe national antidepressant prescribing patterns in children and adolescents before, during, and after the introduction of the FDA boxed warning.
METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2002-2009 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) were used to describe antidepressant prescribing patterns within a nationally-representative sample of 4035 physician visits for children and adolescents diagnosed with depression or other psychiatric disorder(s) [i.e., anxiety disorders or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)].
RESULTS: In 2002-2003, antidepressants were prescribed in 4.1 million (36.1%) visits, followed by 3.2 million (28.8%) visits in 2004-2005 and 2.8 million (26.8%) visits in 2006-2007. However, antidepressant prescribing patterns reversed during 2008-2009, with an increase to 3.6 million (32.5%) visits. Compared to the period preceding the FDA boxed warning (2002-2003), a significant decline in visits related to antidepressant prescribing detected in the immediate post-FDA boxed warning period (2006-2007) (AOR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.47-0.96). No association between the FDA boxed warning and antidepressant prescribing visits was detected during the FDA boxed warning period (2004-2005) (AOR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.53-1.21) and in the late post-FDA boxed warning period (2008-2009) (AOR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.63-1.60).
CONCLUSIONS: After a 2-year lag period, antidepressant prescribing for visits of children and adolescents diagnosed with depression or other psychiatric disorder(s) in community-based and outpatient clinic settings declined when compared to the period preceding the FDA boxed warning. This decline was not sustained in the period of five years after implementation of the FDA boxed warning.
Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Abbvie, Dept. GMH1, AP31-1 NE, 1 North Waukegan Road, North Chicago, IL 60064, USA. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.