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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 56

of 'Drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy'

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a survey of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT).
Ruutu T, Hermans J, Niederwieser D, Gratwohl A, Kiehl M, Volin L, Bertz H, Ljungman P, Spence D, Verdonck LF, Prentice HG, Bosi A, Du Toit CE, Brinch L, Apperley JF, EBMT Chronic Leukaemia Working Party
Br J Haematol. 2002;118(4):1112.
A survey was carried out among the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) centres to determine the incidence, risk factors, treatment and outcome of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. TTP was defined as the simultaneous occurrence of red cell fragmentation, laboratory findings of haemolysis, red cell transfusion requirement and de novo or persistent thrombocytopenia caused by consumption, in the absence of disseminated intravascular coagulation. Forty-five centres reported all patients (n = 406) transplanted between July and December 1996. Twenty-three patients developed TTP; the risk of developing TTP was 6.7% at 2 years (95% CI: 4.1% to 9.3%). The median time of onset was 44 d (range 13-319) post transplantation. Significant risk factors for the development of TTP were female gender (P = 0.005) and an unrelated donor (P = 0.046). To treat TTP, cyclosporin administration was discontinued in 10 cases, plasma exchanges were performed in five cases and 12 patients received plasma infusions without plasma exchange. TTP resolved in 13 of the 23 patients (57%). The only factor predictive of resolution of TTP was the absence of nephropathy. Seven patients (30%) were alive at follow-up of 38-45 months from the onset of TTP. Sixteen patients died; the causes were multiple, only three patients had TTP as a central factor. The median time to death was 41 d (range 1-762 d) from the onset of TTP. TTP is a relatively frequent complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation and it is associated with high mortality, though death is usually caused by multiple factors.
Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. tapani.ruutu@hus.fi