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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 92

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

Dosing to rash: a phase II trial of the first-line erlotinib for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Study (E3503).
Brahmer JR, Lee JW, Traynor AM, Hidalgo MM, Kolesar JM, Siegfried JM, Guaglianone PP, Patel JD, Keppen MD, Schiller JH
Eur J Cancer. 2014 Jan;50(2):302-8. Epub 2013 Nov 15.
BACKGROUND: The development of a rash has been retrospectively associated with increased response and improved survival when treated with erlotinib at the standard dose of 150 mg per day. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the association of the activity of erlotinib in the first-line setting in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the development of a tolerable rash via dose escalation of erlotinib or tumour characteristics.
METHODS: Patients, with advanced NSCLC without prior systemic therapy, were treated with erlotinib 150 mg orally per day. The dose was increased by 25mg every two weeks until the development of grade 2/tolerable rash or other dose limiting toxicity. Tumour biopsy specimens were required for inclusion.
RESULTS: The study enrolled 137 patients, 135 were evaluable for safety and 124 were eligible and evaluable for response. Only 73 tumour samples were available for analysis. Erlotinib dose escalation occurred in 69/124 patients. Erlotinib was well tolerated with 70% of patients developing a grade 1/2 rash and 10% developing grade 3 rash. Response rate and disease control rate were 6.5% and 41.1% respectively. Median overall survival was 7.7 months. Toxicity and tumour markers were not associated with response. Grade 2 or greater skin rash and low phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase (pMAPK) were associated with improved survival.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall survival was similar in this trial compared to first-line chemotherapy in this unselected patient population. Dose escalation to the development of grade 2 skin rash was associated with improved survival in this patient population.
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD, United States. Electronic address: brahmju@jhmi.edu.