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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 29

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

Co-variables influencing 5-fluorouracil clearance during continuous venous infusion. A NONMEM analysis.
Etienne MC, Chatelut E, Pivot X, Lavit M, Pujol A, Canal P, Milano G
Eur J Cancer. 1998 Jan;34(1):92-7.
The objective of this study was to attempt to identify patient co-variables which could influence interpatient variability in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) clearance during a 5-day continuous venous infusion (CVI, cisplatin 100 mg/m2 day 1 then 5-FU 1 g/m2/day days 2-6). The analysis was performed using a NONMEM program according to a linear one-compartment model. A total of 186 cycles (2 samples per day, 8 a.m. and 5 p.m.) were analysed from 104 patients with various cancers (the majority of head and neck and oesophagus). The study co-variables were age, sex, body surface area, hepatic metastases, peripheral mononuclear cell dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activity (PMNC-DPD), liver enzymes, clock-time (8 a.m. versus 5 p.m.), elapsed time during CVI. The data showed that 5-FU clearance was significantly reduced by increased age, low PMNC-DPD, high serum alkaline phosphatase and elapsed time during infusion. These data may be useful for improving knowledge of predictive factors which can influence 5-FU exposure and thus predispose to toxic manifestations.
Oncopharmacology Laboratory, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Toulouse, France.