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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 127

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

Dose-dependent association between UGT1A1*28 genotype and irinotecan-induced neutropenia: low doses also increase risk.
Hu ZY, Yu Q, Pei Q, Guo C
Clin Cancer Res. 2010;16(15):3832. Epub 2010 Jun 18.
PURPOSE: A previous meta-analysis showed that the association between the UGT1A1*28 genotype and irinotecan-induced neutropenia was influenced by irinotecan dose and that the risk of neutropenia was similar at low doses for patients with all genotypes. However, the sample sizes for the low- and high-dose groups were small. Because additional studies have now been reported, an updated and refined meta-analysis is needed.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Meta-analyses were done to assess the relationship between UGT1A1*28 and neutropenia. The association between UGT1A1*28 and the relative extent of glucuronidation (REG) of SN-38 was also examined. The studies included were stratified into different dose groups.
RESULTS: A total of 1,998 patients were included for the analysis of neutropenia and 581 patients were included for REG. The risk of neutropenia at low doses was significantly higher among patients with a UGT1A1*28/*28 genotype than among those carrying the UGT1A1*1 allele(s) [relative risk (RR), 2.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-4.39; P = 0.003]. In addition, the RR of neutropenia at low doses was comparable with that at medium doses (2.43 versus 2.00). The RR of neutropenia at high doses was significantly higher than that at low and medium doses (7.22 versus 2.04). We found the weighted mean difference of REG (UGT1A1*1/*1 or UGT1A1*1/*28 versus UGT1A1*28/*28) increased with increasing dose of irinotecan.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the UGT1A1*28/*28 genotype was associated with an increased risk of neutropenia not only at medium or high doses of irinotecan but also at low doses. The dose-dependent manner of SN-38 glucuronidation explained why the association between UGT1A1*28 and neutropenia was dose dependent.
Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica and Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, PR China. huzheyi_99@hotmail.com