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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 121

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

UGT1A1 polymorphism can predict hematologic toxicity in patients treated with irinotecan.
CôtéJF, Kirzin S, Kramar A, Mosnier JF, Diebold MD, Soubeyran I, Thirouard AS, Selves J, Laurent-Puig P, Ychou M
Clin Cancer Res. 2007;13(11):3269. Epub 2007 May 17.
PURPOSE: Irinotecan (CPT-11) is approved in metastatic colorectal cancer treatment and can cause severe toxicity. The main purpose of our study was to assess the role of different polymorphisms on the occurrence of hematologic toxicities and disease-free survival in high-risk stage III colon cancer patients receiving 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and CPT-11 adjuvant chemotherapy regimen in a prospective randomized trial.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Four hundred patients were randomized in a phase III trial comparing LV5FU2 to LV5FU2 + CPT-11. DNA from 184 patients was extracted and genotyped to detect nucleotide polymorphism: 3435C>T for ABCB1, 6986A>G for CYP3A5, UGT1A1*28 and -3156G>A for UGT1A1.
RESULTS: Genotype frequencies were similar in both treatment arms. In the test arm, no significant difference was observed in toxicity or disease-free survival for ABCB1 and CYP3A5 polymorphisms. UGT1A1*28 homozygous patients showedmore frequent severe hematologic toxicity (50%) than UGT1A1*1 homozygous patients (16.2%), P = 0.06. Moreover, patients homozygous for the mutant allele of -3156G>A UGT1A1 polymorphism showed more frequent severe hematologic toxicity (50%) than patients homozygous for wild-type allele (12.5%), P = 0.01. This toxicity occurred significantly earlier in homozygous mutant than wild-type homozygous patients (P = 0.043). In a Cox model, the hazard ratio for severe hematologic toxicity is significantly higher for patients with the A/A compared with the G/G genotype [hazard ratio, 8.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.9-37.2; P = 0.005].
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the clinical utility of identification of UGT1A1 promoter polymorphisms before LV5FU2 + CPT-11 treatment to predict early hematologic toxicity. The -3156G>A polymorphism seems to be a better predictor than the UGT1A1 (TA)(6)TAA>(TA)(7)TAA polymorphism.
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale UMR-S775, Bases moléculaires de la réponse aux xénobiotiques, UniversitéParis Descartes, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, France.