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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 108

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

108
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Flat dosing of carboplatin is justified in adult patients with normal renal function.
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Ekhart C, de Jonge ME, Huitema AD, Schellens JH, Rodenhuis S, Beijnen JH
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Clin Cancer Res. 2006;12(21):6502.
 
PURPOSE: The Calvert formula is a widely applied algorithm for the a priori dosing of carboplatin based on patients glomerular filtration rate (GFR) as accurately measured using the 51Cr-EDTA clearance. Substitution of the GFR in this formula by an estimate of creatinine clearance or GFR as calculated by formulae using serum creatinine (SCR; Cockcroft-Gault, Jelliffe, and Wright) is, however, routine clinical practice in many hospitals. The goal of this study was to validate this practice retrospectively in a large heterogeneous adult patient population.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Concentration-time data of ultrafilterable platinum of 178 patients (280 courses, 3,119 samples) with different types of cancer receiving carboplatin-based chemotherapy in conventional and high doses were available. Data were described with a linear two-compartment population pharmacokinetic model. Relations between SCR-based formulae for estimating renal function and carboplatin clearance were investigated.
RESULTS: None of the tested SCR-based estimates of renal function were relevantly related to the pharmacokinetic variables of carboplatin. Neither SCR (median, 51; range, 18-124 micromol/L) nor the estimated GFR using the three different formulae was related to carboplatin clearance.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data do not support the application of modifications of the Calvert formula by estimating GFR from SCR in the a priori dosing of carboplatin in patients with relatively normal renal function (creatinine clearance,>50 mL/min). For targeted carboplatin exposures, the original Calvert formula, measuring GFR using the 51Cr-EDTA clearance, remains the method of choice. Alternatively, in patients with normal renal function, a flat dose based on the mean population carboplatin clearance should be administered.
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Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute/Slotervaart Hospital, Amsterdam, and Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. apcek@slz.nl
PMID