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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 107

of 'Dosing of anticancer agents in adults'

107
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Sequential dose-intensive paclitaxel, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide salvage therapy for germ cell tumor patients.
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Motzer RJ, Mazumdar M, Sheinfeld J, Bajorin DF, Macapinlac HA, Bains M, Reich L, Flombaum C, Mariani T, Tong WP, Bosl GJ
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J Clin Oncol. 2000;18(6):1173.
 
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of sequential, dose-intensified chemotherapy with paclitaxel/ifosfamide and carboplatin/etoposide administered plus peripheral blood-derived stem-cell (PBSC) support for patients with germ cell tumors (GCT) who have unfavorable prognostic features in response to conventional-dose salvage programs. Carboplatin was dose escalated by target area under the curve (AUC; in [milligrams per milliliter]x minutes) among patient cohorts, and pharmacokinetic studies were performed for comparison.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven previously treated patients who had cisplatin-resistant GCT and unfavorable prognostic features for response to conventional-dose salvage therapy were treated. Two cycles of paclitaxel 200 mg/m(2) plus ifosfamide 6 g/m(2) were given 2 weeks apart with leukapheresis, followed by three cycles of carboplatin plus etoposide given 14 to 21 days apart with reinfusion of PBSCs. The dose of etoposide was 1, 200 mg/m(2), and the carboplatin target AUC ranged among cohorts from 12 to 32 (mg/mL) x min. Pharmacokinetic studies of carboplatin were performed for comparison of target to measured AUC.
RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (57%) achieved a complete response and an additional two patients (5%) achieved a partial response with normal tumor markers; therefore, 23 (62%) achieved a favorable response. Eight patients relapsed, and 15 (41%) of the favorable responses remained durable at a median follow-up of 30 months. Myelosuppression was the major toxicity; 58% of carboplatin/etoposide cycles were associated with hospitalization for nadir fever. The AUC of carboplatin measured in serum was lower than the target AUC; this may be related to underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate used in the dosing formula.
CONCLUSION: Dose-intense therapy with sequential, accelerated chemotherapy of paclitaxel/ifosfamide and carboplatin/etoposide administered with PBSC support was relatively well tolerated. The durable complete response proportion was substantial in patients with unfavorable prognostic features for achieving durable complete response to conventional-dose salvage programs. Optimal dosing of carboplatin in the high-dose setting warrants further investigation.
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Genitourinary Oncology, Nuclear Medicine, and Renal Services, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA. motzerr@mskcc.org
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