Diseases potentially acquired by travel to West Africa
- David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
- Clinical Microbiologist and Infectious Diseases Physician
- University of Otago, Christchurch
West Africa comprises Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. This region encompasses tropical rain forests in the west and south and desert areas in the north.
Malaria — Malaria is a major risk for most travelers to West Africa . Endemic areas exist in all countries in this region. Except for Cape Verde, Plasmodium falciparum is the predominant cause of malaria, and chloroquine resistance is widespread. Country-specific risk areas are listed below :
●Benin – Risk throughout the year in the whole country
●Burkino Faso – Risk throughout the year in the whole country
●Cape Verde – Limited risk from August through November on Santiago Island and Boa IslandTo continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES
- Yellow fever
- African trypanosomiasis
- Chikungunya fever
- Zika virus
- FOODBORNE AND WATERBORNE DISEASES
- Travelers' diarrhea
- Hepatitis A and E
- OTHER INFECTIONS
- Meningococcal disease
- HIV infection
- Other sexually transmitted diseases
- Hepatitis B and C
- Viral hemorrhagic fever
- - Ebola virus
- - Lassa fever
- - Rift Valley fever
- - Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
- OTHER HAZARDS
- Snake bites
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS