Diseases potentially acquired by travel to Southern Africa
- David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
- Clinical Microbiologist and Infectious Diseases Physician
- University of Otago, Christchurch
Malaria — Malaria is a risk in some areas of Southern Africa. In malarious areas, Plasmodium falciparum is the predominant cause of malaria, and chloroquine resistance is widespread. Country-specific risk areas are listed below :
●Botswana – Risk exists from November to May/June in the northern parts of the country: Bobirwa, Boteti, Chobe, Ngamiland, Okavango, and Tutume districts/sub-districts.
●Lesotho – No risk.
●Namibia – Risk exists from November to June in Oshana, Oshikoto, Omusati, Omaheke, Ohangwena, and Otjozondjupa. Risk throughout the year exists along the Kunene River and in the Kavango and Caprivi regions.
- World Health Organization. List of countries, territories and areas: Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; malaria situation; and other vaccination requirements. http://www.who.int/ith/2015-ith-county-list.pdf?ua=1 (Accessed on April 14, 2016).
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chikungunya virus - Geographic Distribution. http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/geo/index.html (Accessed on April 14, 2016).
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- ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES
- Yellow fever
- African trypanosomiasis
- Chikungunya fever
- FOODBORNE AND WATERBORNE DISEASES
- Travelers' diarrhea
- Hepatitis A and E
- OTHER INFECTIONS
- HIV infection
- Other sexually transmitted diseases
- Hepatitis B and C
- OTHER HAZARDS
- Snake bites