Diseases potentially acquired by travel to Central Africa
- David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
David Murdoch, MD, MSc, DTM&H, FRACP, FRCPA, FFSc(RCPA)
- Clinical Microbiologist and Infectious Diseases Physician
- University of Otago, Christchurch
Central Africa is comprised of Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, South Sudan, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), and Zambia. This region encompasses tropical rain forests, desert areas, and wooded areas.
Malaria — Malaria is a major risk for travelers to Central Africa. Endemic areas exist in all countries in this region. Plasmodium falciparum is the predominant cause of malaria, and chloroquine resistance is widespread. Within endemic areas, transmission occurs year round :
●Angola – Risk throughout the year in the whole country
●Cameroon – Risk throughout the year in the whole country
●Central African Republic – Risk throughout the year in the whole country
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- ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES
- Yellow fever
- Other viral hemorrhagic fevers
- - Ebola virus
- - Marburg virus
- - Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever
- African trypanosomiasis
- Chikungunya fever
- Zika virus
- FOODBORNE AND WATERBORNE DISEASES
- Travelers' diarrhea
- Hepatitis A and E
- OTHER INFECTIONS
- Meningococcal disease
- HIV infection
- Other sexually transmitted diseases
- Hepatitis B and C
- OTHER HAZARDS
- Snake bites