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Differential diagnosis of the orthopedic manifestations of child abuse

Susan A Scherl, MD
Section Editors
William Phillips, MD
Daniel M Lindberg, MD
Deputy Editor
James F Wiley, II, MD, MPH


The differential diagnosis of the orthopedic manifestations of child abuse will be discussed here. An overview of the orthopedic manifestations of child abuse and the differential diagnosis of other clinical manifestations of child abuse are presented separately. (See "Orthopedic aspects of child abuse" and "Differential diagnosis of suspected child physical abuse".)


The major considerations in the differential diagnosis of a child with potentially inflicted orthopedic trauma include the following [1-6]:

Accidental injury

Normal variants

Birth trauma,


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Literature review current through: Sep 2016. | This topic last updated: Aug 11, 2016.
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